Global
land
governance
index

51

Global score

The global land index that puts people at the center of land data, democratizing land monitoring and building a data ecosystem where all voices can be heard.

Secure Tenure Rights

Global average

Secure Tenure Rights

Respect, protect, and strengthen the land rights of women and men living in poverty, ensuring that no one is deprived of the use and control of the land on which their well‑being and human dignity depend, including through eviction, expulsion, or exclusion, and with compulsory changes to tenure undertaken only in line with international law and standards on human rights.

Strong Small-Scale Farming Systems

Global average

Strong Small-Scale Farming Systems

Ensure equitable land distribution and public investment that supports small‑scale farming systems, including through redistributive agrarian reforms that counter excessive land concentration, provide for secure and equitable use and control of land, and allocate appropriate land to landless rural producers and urban residents, while supporting smallholders as investors and producers, such as through cooperative and partnership business models.

Diverse Tenure Systems

Global average

Diverse Tenure Systems

Recognise and protect the diverse tenure and production systems upon which people’s livelihoods depend, including the communal and customary tenure systems of smallholders, Indigenous Peoples, pastoralists, fisher folks, and holders of overlapping, shifting, and periodic rights to land and other natural resources, even when these are not recognised by law, and while also acknowledging that the well‑being of resource users may be affected by changes beyond the boundaries of the land to which they have tenure rights.

Equal Land Rights for Women

Global average

Equal Land Rights for Women

Ensure gender justice in relation to land, taking all necessary measures to pursue both de jure and de facto equality, enhancing the ability of women to defend their land rights and take equal part in decision‑making, and ensuring that control over land and the benefits that are derived thereof are equal between women and men, including the right to inherit and bequeath tenure rights.

Secure Territorial Rights for Indigenous People

Global average

Secure Territorial Rights for Indigenous People

Respect and protect the inherent land and territorial rights of Indigenous Peoples, as set out in ILO Convention 169 and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, including by recognising that respect for indigenous knowledge and cultures contributes to sustainable and equitable development and proper management of the environment.

Locally Managed Ecosystems

Global average

Locally Managed Ecosystems

Enable the role of local land users in territorial and ecosystem management, recognising that sustainable development and the stewardship of ecosystems are best achieved through participatory decision‑making and management at the territorial level, empowering local land users and their communities with the authority, means, and incentives to carry out this responsibility.

Inclusive Decision Making

Global average

Inclusive Decision Making

Ensure that processes of decision‑making over land are inclusive, so that policies, laws, procedures, and decisions adequately reflect the rights, needs, and aspirations of individuals and communities who will be affected by them. This requires the empowering those who face limitations in representing their interests, particularly through support to organisations that inform, mobilise, and legitimately represent marginalised land users, and participate in multi‑stakeholder platforms for policy dialogue.

Transparent and Accessible Information

Global average

Transparent and Accessible Information

Ensure transparency and accountability, through unhindered and timely public access to all information that may contribute to informed public debate and decision‑making on land issues at all stages, and through decentralisation to the lowest effective level, to facilitate participation, accountability, and the identification of locally appropriate solutions.

Effective Actions Against Land Grabbing

Global average

Effective Actions Against Land Grabbing

Prevent and remedy land grabbing, respecting traditional land use rights and local livelihoods, and ensuring that all large‑scale initiatives that involve the use of land, water, and other natural resources comply with human rights and environmental obligations. Where adverse impacts on human rights and legitimate tenure rights have occurred, concerned actors should provide for, and cooperate in, impartial and competent mechanisms to provide remedy, including through land restitution and compensation.

Protection of Land Rights Defenders

Global average

Protection of Land Rights Defenders

Respect and protect the civil and political rights of human rights defenders working on land issues, combating the stigmatisation and criminalisation of peaceful protest and land rights activism, and ending impunity for human rights violations, including harassment, threats, violence, and political imprisonment.

Our commitments

Across the diversity of ILC’s network of over 200 civil society and intergovernmental organisations, our members have defined a common goal. People-Centred Land Governance (PCLG) responds to the needs, and protects the rights, of the women, men and communities who live on and from the land, respecting that they should be the ultimate decision-makers on how their land and natural resources are used. To guide our individual and collective efforts to achieve land governance for and with people, ILC’s members agreed on 10 Commitments in priority areas of action. They are a compass for our work, and we hope that they also provide a useful focus to others with a transformative agenda on land rights.

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Global
Index

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Columbia

45

Country average

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Most recently updated countries and how they are performing

Country Overall score
Colombia 49.1 67.8 36.3 37.2 55.1 46.4 52.3 39.9 51.6 44.2 73.1
Zambia 56.9 - - - - - - - 56.9 - -
Zimbabwe 60.0 - - - - - - - 60.0 - -
Tunisia 68.2 - - - - - - - 68.2 - -
Uganda 62.8 - - - - - - - 62.8 - -

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