In consultations, the indicators that were proposed by members and partners tended towards three categories per commitment, for an approximate total of 30 indicators:
- A) legal indicators measuring presence or lack of a legal and institutional framework surrounding a land issue,
- B) implementation indicators measuring to what degree policies or programs established in such frameworks had been implemented, and
- C) outcome, impact or perception-based indicators that measured the results of implemented projects or policies.
Besides these core, standardised indicators, LANDex allows for a flexible approach by facilitating the integration of country specific indicators.
When developing LANDex methodologies, our aim was not to reinvent the wheel but to collaborate with as many local, national, regional and global initiatives as possible. This allowed LANDex to align itself with and upscale existing land monitoring initiatives. LANDex currently employs four types of methodologies, each of which was dictated by kind of indicator and the information that we wished to generate:
- People-based indicators, drawing responses from a sampling of individuals from diverse sectors;
- Calculation-based indicators, using best or most appropriate available data;
- Survey-based indicators, which rely on national-level surveys implemented by partners such as PRIndex and Transparency International;
- One LANDex indicator (10C) employs a joint incident reporting methodology, combining multiple datasets reporting violations against land and environment defenders (LEDs). This indicator is coordinated through the Defending Land and Environment Defenders Coalition.
All methodologies are subject to modification following a review and reflection period with implementing members that will end in 2021.