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land resources

Land resources are the raw materials of our planet's surface that support human activities and nature's balance. They include soil, water, plants, minerals, and terrain. These resources are vital for farming, construction, and preserving the environment.


Recognise and protect the diverse tenure and production systems upon which people’s livelihoods depend, including the communal and customary tenure systems of smallholders, Indigenous Peoples, pastoralists, fisher folks, and holders of overlapping, shifting, and periodic rights to land and other natural resources, even when these are not recognised by law, and while also acknowledging that the well-being of resource users may be affected by changes beyond the boundaries of the land to which they have tenure rights.