Reporting on SDGs
Using LANDex to monitor the SDGs allows us to highlight how land, land rights and land governance are woven throughout social, economic and environmental goals, targets and indicators of the SDGs.
LANDex uses diverse sources of data that is processed according to standard methodologies, promoting a data ecosystem that prioritizes people-centred data while generating comparable data that allows land governance to be tracked across countries over time. We can apply data in LANDex to a number of SDGs, contributing to our understanding of progress towards land rights in Agenda 2030.
This reporting is based on the LANDex-SDG index – currently available in Technical Annex of Nepal report – which shows a summary of the alignment done between LANDex and SDG indicators, targets and goals.
While the proposed mapping has accounted for methodological and conceptual overlap between SDG and LANDex indicators, the mapping represented below is not an exhaustive or exclusive list of the possible relationships between LANDex and the SDGs. Three kinds of relationships between LANDex indicators and the SDGs were considered in the current index:
- Precise relationship, represented in yellow in Table 1: In these cases, LANDex indicators and the corresponding SDG indicators employ the same methodology and can be directly compared.
- LANDex indicator 4A, for example, uses the same questions from the FAO Legislative Assessment Tool (LAT) as the basis for SDG 5.a.2. The data generated by these indicators can stand in where no official SDG indicator data is available.
- Approximate relationship, represented in gray in Table 1: In these cases, LANDex indicators measure something closely related to what is being measured by the SDG indicator but with a methodology or goal that is slightly different.
- For example, LANDex 6B measures where rural administrative units have sustainable land use plans and include local participation; the corresponding SDG looks at the same for water and management of natural resources. These scores provide a land governance focus to an existing SDG indicator.
- Expansive relationship, represented in blue in Table 1: These represent cases where a LANDex indicator is adding a land governance dimension to an SDG goal and target where considerations of land are currently absent.
- SDG target 16.5 to substantially reduce corruption doesn’t mention land but LANDex 8C, drawing on the Global Corruption Barometer, indicates levels of land corruption absent in official indicators. These indicators establish a relationship between land governance and existing targets and goals.